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Stakeholder Engagement
Environmental & Social Management
Environmental & Social Impact Assessments

The TurkStream Document Library provides access to a broad range of studies, information materials and corporate policies related to the project.

With the tabs at the top of this page, you can easily navigate between three types of documents:

  • Stakeholder Engagement: this section includes stakeholder engagement plans and various information materials that we used to inform the public about TurkStream.
  • Environmental & Social Management: TurkStream has strict corporate policies on how to behave and perform. It is important for us that stakeholders have access to these policies.
  • Environmental & Social Impact Assessments (ESIA’s): we conducted many environmental and social studies before we started construction. All ESIA’s related to the construction and operations of TurkStream are available for onshore Russia, onshore Turkey and offshore.

It is also possible to download individual chapters and appendices of the EIA’s. You can find these documents with the links below.

If you have a comment, concern or any other feedback regarding the TurkStream Offshore Pipeline, please use the Feedback Form.

We are committed to a transparent and respectful dialogue with stakeholders throughout the life of the Project. National and local authorities, communities, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and other stakeholders have been engaged in a variety of ways throughout the Design, Engineering and Construction Phase of the Project in both Russia and Turkey. The plans for engagement activities and the record of previous engagements has been set out in the periodically updated Stakeholder Engagement Plans for each country.

Stakeholder feedback supported the identification of measures to avoid, mitigate or minimize the Project’s environmental and social impacts throughout the development of the regulatory Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and the supplementary Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIAs) and other supplementary studies. We managed engagement with stakeholders according to national regulations and international guidelines.

After completion of the environmental and social assessment studies, we continued to ensure that stakeholders were kept informed about our activities and could provide feedback on any aspects of the Project through the entire Construction Phase via the Project Feedback and Grievance Procedure. This Procedure is a formal mechanism summarized within the SEPs and in the Feedback and Grievance Brochure distributed to local communities in both countries and made available on the Project website via the Contact Us page.

We will continue with engagement activities during the Operations Phase of the Project in both Russia and Turkey and the Feedback and Grievance Procedure will continue to be in place to formally track and manage comments, concerns or complaints.

To support the engagement processes in both Construction and Operations phases, we have published various general information documents, which can be found in the Document Library below. These include:

Additionally a suite of Turkish language factsheets describing aspects of the Operations Phase have been produced to support local stakeholder engagement activities related to operations activities.

Stakeholder feedback has also assisted in identifying opportunities for the Project to make positive contributions to the local communities near to the Project locations. This will continue during the Operations Phase of the Project. A leaflet summarizing the approach to community investment and providing details on contacting the Project is available for both Russia and Turkey and is provided in the Document Library below.

For more information on our stakeholder engagement activities, please refer to the Stakeholder Engagement Plans for each country. To lodge a comment, question, concern or complaint please use our Contact Us page.

How to Get Involved

South Stream Transport B.V. values feedback from stakeholders at any time and in any of the three languages of the Project — English, Russian or Turkish.

If you have a comment, concern or any other feedback regarding the TurkStream Offshore Pipeline, please use the Feedback Form.

PDF, 21 MB

Our management of environmental and social issues is directed by two overarching policies and the Company Code of Conduct. We developed policies to cover the Construction Phase and then updated them to cover the Operations Phase of the Project, which began on 1st January 2020. The policies and the Code of Conduct can be found in the Document Library below.

  • Health Safety Security and Environment (HSSE) Policy;
  • Social and Stakeholder Policy;
  • Code of Conduct.

To support the implementation of the Company policies and the actions required by the various environmental and social assessments following international finance standards, we also developed an Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS) as part of our overall Company Management System (CMS).

Our management system, applied throughout Construction and into Operations Phase, was designed to align with relevant international standards including:

  • IFC PS1 on Assessment and Management of Environmental and Social Risks and Impacts
  • ISO 14001 Standard for environmental management systems;
  • OHSAS 18001/ISO 45001 Standard for occupational health and safety management systems..

Key elements of the ESMS include a management system manual, supported by management plans (ESMPs), emergency response plans, stakeholder engagement plans, grievance mechanisms, procedures, monitoring programmes, audit programme and other documents.

Whilst the responsibility for implementation and maintenance of the ESMS has been shared by all functions of the Company, our contractors and suppliers, we put in place an extensive team of national and international environmental and social experts to advise the Project and ensure the ESMS delivered its intended outcomes.

During the Construction Phase of the Project, a framework ESMP document described the overall approach to environmental and social management and was supported by a suite of activity-specific environmental and social (E&S) construction management plans specifying the relevant E&S requirements to be met by the Construction Contractor.

Following the end of construction, we have fully revised the documentation for the Operations Phase of the Project in order to support the TurkStream Operations team and the Company Branch Offices in their management of environmental and social issues.

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In order to realise the TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline, we conducted various studies to assess potential environmental and social impacts and to guide us in developing measures to avoid, mitigate or minimize them. The results of these studies were compiled into a number of regulatory and supplementary assessment documents:

  • Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), both for Russia and Turkey, to meet the national regulatory requirements of both countries;
  • Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIA) for Russia onshore and offshore and offshore in Turkey to follow the requirements of international finance institutions;
  • Supplementary studies onshore in Turkey, again to meet the requirements of international finance institutions.

Further information on the regulatory and supplementary assessment documents can be found by clicking on the links and the studies are available in the Document Library on the relevant pages.

Other available documents include general environmental, social, health & safety policies of the Project Company and information materials that we created for a general audience in both Russia and Turkey.

The Environmental and Social studies included engagement and dialogue with a range of stakeholders in both the Project countries. Our approach to stakeholder engagement is described on the stakeholder engagement page of the website.

Regulatory Assessments

We have developed the Russian and Turkish sectors of the pipeline in line with national legislative and permitting requirements, which includes assessing both the onshore and offshore sections of the Project from an environmental and social perspective.

In Russia, we obtained an approved EIA for the previous South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline project in 2014. The EIA covered both the onshore and offshore segments of the pipeline from the location near Anapa on the Black Sea coast out to the border of the Russian EEZ.

In Turkey, we obtained an approved EIA in 2014 in the context of the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline. This EIA was relevant for the section that extended from the Russian EEZ to the border of the Turkish and Bulgarian Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). We used the findings of the surveys and assessments that we already conducted for the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline for the development of the TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline. As the route up to the edge of the Turkish and Bulgarian EEZs remained the same for the TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline, no further EIAs were required for this section as determined by the Turkish authorities.

We conducted a separate EIA within the scope of the TurkStream Pipeline Project for the section that stretches from the border of the Turkish and Bulgarian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) to the Turkish coastline, which was approved in October 2017.

The national EIA documentation for both Russia and Turkey can be found in the Document Library below and includes:

  • National EIA for the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Russian Sector;
  • National EIA for the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Turkish Sector (EEZ);
  • National EIA for the TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Turkey (EEZ to onshore).

Supplementary Studies

We developed the TurkStream Project in compliance with Russian and Turkish permitting requirements and in line with international finance standards including the International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards (PS) on Environmental & Social Sustainability (2012) and the Equator Principles III. The international finance standards requirements for environmental and social assessments have some differences when compared to the national regulatory requirements in Russia and Turkey.

To address these differences, we undertook a range of studies and assessments to supplement the national EIA processes. For the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline, these studies were collated to form the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment documents and covered the Project from onshore in Russia to the border of the Turkish EEZ with Bulgaria. The remainder of the route from this point to onshore in Turkey was covered by a set of uncollated topic-specific supplementary studies. The ESIAs and topic specific studies can be found in the Document Library below and consist of:

  • ESIA for the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Russian Sector (onshore and offshore);
  • ESIA for the South Stream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Turkish Sector (offshore);
  • Supplementary Traffic Study for TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Turkey (onshore);
  • Supplementary Fishing Study for TurkStream Offshore Gas Pipeline — Turkey (offshore).

It is also possible to download individual chapters and appendices of the EIA’s. You can find these documents with the links below.